Blood in Urine: The Bare Basics of Haematuria

Haematuria

WHAT IS HAEMATURIA?

Haematuria is the technical term for the presence of red blood cells (RBCs) in urine. This could range from minute quantities such that it is invisible to the naked eye (occult or hidden bleeding), to frank hematuria such that the urine assumes a reddish tinge to a cola-coloured appearance.

Red blood cells abundantly present in our bloodstream happen to carry a pigment called “Haemoglobin” within them. This is what gives our blood, a red colour and lends that reddish tinge to most urine samples that have blood in it.

Please note: For Haematuria, the urine sample must contain whole red blood cells and not just the red pigment of blood.

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Urine Colour: Variations in Kidney & Urinary Tract Disease

Urine Colour

“Urine Colour. Just how significant is it?!”

Human Urine – the biochemical masterpiece “manufactured” by our Kidneys as a by-product of all the work that they do  –  is normally a clear, pale / straw yellow to dark (but transparent) yellow in colour. This is attributed to the pigment Urochrome normally found in urine.

In good health, how yellow your urine appears directly relates to your water/liquid intake. The more dehydrated you are, the denser & more concentrated your urine is, and the darker is the yellow colour as depicted in the image below.

Normal Urine Colour
Normal variation in Urine Colour in good health. Healthy urine samples are transparent and vary from a pale or straw yellow to a dark yellow shade.

 

Samples in the image above aptly show the normal variation in Urine Colour in good health. For all practical diagnostic purposes, this urine colour range qualifies as normal. Now, Urine is not a topic that would usually make the cut in any polite conversation in non-specialist social gatherings.

But did you know?

Something as humble and underappreciated as your Urine Colour is a reliable clinical criterion used by physicians to substantiate their clinical opinion on your health status. Continue reading “Urine Colour: Variations in Kidney & Urinary Tract Disease”

Urinalysis Report: Physico-Chemical Examination

In a routine Urinalysis, the Physico-chemical examination comprises analysis of properties that help to define how a Urine Sample appears to the naked eye.

These include the following:

1. COLOUR

Normal Urine is typically Pale/Straw yellow to Dark yellow in Colour due to the presence of pigment Urochrome.

Urine Color Normal
Normal Colour Range for Human Urine (Image Source: https://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-2981209/What-PEE-says-health-clear-stream-means-drinking-coffee-red-urine-signal-cancer.html )

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Urinalysis Report: Microscopic Examination

Under the Microscopic Examination of Urinalysis, laboratories focus on looking for the presence of tiny particles such as cells or infection-causing germs in Urine that are NOT VISIBLE to the naked eye but may change the Physico-chemical and Chemical properties stated above.

For this purpose, laboratories need to investigate several drops of your Urine Sample under a Microscope.

Medical Lab technician

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Urinalysis: Must-Know Facts

What Why How

 

WHAT IS URINALYSIS / URINE TEST?

A Urinalysis or a Urine Test is a laboratory-based test of your urine sample. In such tests, laboratories assess your urine sample along with certain physical, chemical, microscopic and/or microbiological (bacterial) criteria against research-approved standards. “Urinalysis” is a composite word made of two words – “Urine” and “Analysis”. The report helps your doctor to get an insight into your overall health status & support their clinical decision-making.

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Kidney Functions in a Nutshell

Kidney functions are not limited to simply periodically making us rush to the restroom. Rather, in partnership with lungs, our “quiet” beans multi-task across organ systems to regulate the internal environs of our body with utmost precision.

So, if you know what kidneys do, understanding what can go wrong and show up as symptoms in kidney dysfunction becomes a breeze! 

Remember, choosing to be nephro-literate helps you take control of your kidney sojourn & empowers you to take the best kidney health decisions for yourself when necessary. Continue reading “Kidney Functions in a Nutshell”

Are Whey Protein Supplements Safe for Kidneys?

Whey protein is one of the most popular protein supplements used worldwide to build muscle. It also modulates cellular metabolism and helps in weight loss by keeping you fuller for longer.

But anyone who has experienced kidney disease as a patient or caregiver has heard how high protein is detrimental to diseased kidneys. So, does that mean using such protein supplements could lead fitness-conscious individuals to acquire Chronic Kidney Disease? Let’s investigate! Continue reading “Are Whey Protein Supplements Safe for Kidneys?”